12 Historical Cities in Rajasthan first Jaipur, Jaipur is one of the most popular historical cities in Rajasthan. It was founded in 1727 by Maharaja Jai Singh II and is known for its pink–hued buildings. Rajasthan tour package and Jaipur are home to many iconic attractions like the City Palace, Hawa Mahal, Jantar Mantar Observatory, and Amber Fort.
1. The Amber Fort
The Amber Fort is a stunning fort located in Amer, Rajasthan, India. It is a majestic structure that was built in 1592 by Maharaja Man Singh I. The fort is made up of red sandstone and marble and is an example of the Mughal style of architecture.
The fort is a popular tourist attraction and is known for its intricate designs, carvings, and wall paintings. Inside the fort, the main attraction is the Sheesh Mahal, or Hall of Mirrors, which is made up of tiny mirrors inlaid in the walls and ceiling.
The fort also has a number of courtyards and gardens, as well as a temple dedicated to the goddess Kali. The fort is also surrounded by a lake, making it a beautiful and tranquil place to visit and you can experience the Golden triangle with Jodhpur Tour by Car
2. The City Palace
The City Palace of Jaipur is a complex of courtyards, gardens, and buildings located in the heart of Jaipur city, 12 Historical Cities in Rajasthan state of India.
It was built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II between 1729 and 1732 CE. It is an important example of Rajput architecture, featuring a blend of Rajasthani and Mughal styles.
The palace complex contains several buildings, including the Chandra Mahal, Mubarak Mahal, Badal Mahal, and Shri Govind Dev Temple. The palace also houses a museum with a large collection of artifacts and artwork. The 12 Historical Cities in Rajasthan City Palace is now a popular tourist attraction and is the most visited monument in Jaipur.
3. The Hawa Mahal
Hawa Mahal is a palace in Jaipur, India, constructed of red and pink sandstone in 1799 by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh. The palace sits on the edge of the City Palace and extends to the zenana, or women‘s chambers. The structure was designed by Lal Chand Ustad in the form of the crown of Krishna, the Hindu god.
Its unique five–story exterior is also akin to the honeycomb of a beehive with its 953 small windows called jharokhas that are decorated with intricate latticework.
The original intention of the lattice was to allow royal ladies to observe everyday life and festivals celebrated in the street below without being seen since they had to obey the strict rules of “purdah“, which forbade them from appearing in public without face coverings.
4. The Jal Maha
Jal Mahal is a palace located in the middle of the Man Sagar Lake in Jaipur, India. It was built by Maharaja Jai Singh II in the 18th century.
The palace is made of red sandstone and has four floors, but only the first floor is above the lake‘s surface. There are gardens and pavilions around the lake‘s perimeter and the palace is connected with the land by a causeway. The palace of 12 Historical Cities in Rajasthan is a popular tourist destination and is used for cultural events.
5. Jantar Mantar
Jantar Mantar is an astronomical observatory located in Jaipur, Rajasthan, India. It was built in 1734 by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, the ruler of Amber (later Jaipur).
The observatory consists of fourteen geometric devices, designed to measure time, track celestial bodies, and observe the stars. The instruments, some of which are still in use, are made of stone and marble and are mainly useful for recording the positions of the sun, moon, and planets. Jantar Mantar is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is a popular tourist attraction in Jaipur.
6. Nahargarh Fort
Nahargarh Fort is a fort located in Jaipur, Rajasthan, India, on the edge of the Aravalli Hills. The fort was built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II in 1734 and was named after his beloved prince Nahar Singh Bohemia. The fort was extended by Sawai Ram Singh II, and later by Sawai Madho Singh II.
12 Historical Cities in Rajasthan
The fort is known for its impressive architecture, and for its panoramic views of Jaipur. The fort has been used as a retreat for the royal family and is now open to tourists. The fort also houses a museum, which displays artifacts from the royal family.
The fort has an array of galleries, terraces, pavilions, and rooms, which were used for recreational activities by the royal family. There is also a Nahargarh Biological Park located within the fort. The fort is a popular tourist destination and is visited by numerous tourists every year.
7. Jaigarh Fort
Jaigarh Fort, also known as Victory Fort, is a majestic fort located on the promontory of the Aravalli Range in Jaipur, Rajasthan, India. The fort was built in 1726 by Sawai Jai Singh II and is one of the few military structures of medieval India that are still intact.
The fort is known for its massive fortifications, intricate carvings, and breathtaking views of the city of Jaipur. The fort is home to a number of attractions such as the Jaivana Cannon, the fort museum, and the world‘s largest cannon on wheels. The fort also offers a unique glimpse into the rich history and culture of the Rajputs.
8. Galta Ji Temple
Galta Ji Temple is an ancient Hindu temple located in Jaipur, the capital of Rajasthan, India. It is dedicated to the Hindu God Galteshwar Mahadev (Galta Ji), an incarnation of Lord Shiva.
The temple is situated on the banks of the Galta river and is surrounded by a number of holy kunds (water tanks). It is believed to be more than 300 years old. The temple complex houses a number of temples, shrines, and other structures. It is one of the major attractions of Jaipur and attracts tourists from all around the world.
9. Rambagh Palace
Rambagh Palace is a former royal residence of the Maharaja of Jaipur and is now a five–star luxury hotel. The palace was originally built in 1835 and has been renovated several times since then. The palace is located in Jaipur, Rajasthan, India, and is surrounded by Mughal gardens that have been restored to their original design.
The palace is known for its luxurious interior, which features a grand marble entrance hall, several courtyards, and a number of antique furniture pieces. The hotel offers a variety of amenities, including a spa, a swimming pool, and a restaurant.
The palace is also known for its events and functions, which include weddings, conferences, and special events. Rambagh Palace is a popular tourist destination and has been featured in films and television shows.
10. The Birla Mandir
The Birla Mandir, or Laxmi Narayan Temple, is a Hindu temple dedicated to the goddess of prosperity, Laxmi, and her husband, Vishnu. It is located on the southern bank of the Yamuna River in New Delhi, India.
The temple was constructed by the industrialist B.D. Birla was in 1938 and is a popular tourist attraction in the city. It is made of white marble and is adorned with many shrines, fountains, and a large garden.
The temple is intricately carved with images and statues of various Hindu gods and goddesses. The temple complex also houses a museum, which displays a variety of Hindu artifacts, sculptures, and paintings.
2. Jodhpur Historical places
1. Mehrangarh Fort:
One of the largest forts in India, Mehrangarh Fort is a massive fortress situated in Jodhpur. Built-in the 15th century by Rao Jodha, the fort is situated at a height of 410 feet and is a major tourist attraction in the city.
2. Jaswant Thada:
Located very close to the Mehrangarh Fort, Jaswant Thada is a beautiful marble cenotaph that was built in memory of the late Maharaja Jaswant Singh II. The cenotaph is surrounded by a beautiful garden and is an important tourist attraction in Jodhpur.
3. Umaid Bhawan Palace:
Constructed in the 20th century, the Umaid Bhawan Palace is one of the largest private residences in the world. The palace is now a part of a heritage hotel and is open to the public.
4. Mandore Gardens:
The Mandore Gardens are located just outside of Jodhpur and are a major tourist attraction. The gardens are filled with beautifully manicured lawns, marble cenotaphs, and a temple dedicated to 33 crore gods.
5. Clock Tower:
Located in the heart of Jodhpur, the Clock Tower is a beautiful structure that was built during the reign of Maharaja Sardar Singh. The tower is a popular tourist attraction and is a great spot to watch the hustle and bustle of the city.
3. Udaipur Historical places
Udaipur is renowned for its history and culture. It is a beautiful city located in the state of Rajasthan, India. The city is known for its picturesque lakes, palaces, temples, and monuments. Here are some of the popular historical places in Udaipur:
1. City Palace:
It is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Udaipur. The City Palace complex covers an entire hill along the east bank of Lake Pichola and houses 11 palaces, gardens, and temples. It was built by Maharana Udai Singh II in 1559.
2. Lake Palace:
The Lake Palace is a beautiful white marble palace located in the middle of Lake Pichola. It was built by Maharana Jagat Singh II in 1746. The palace is now a luxury hotel and offers beautiful views of the lake and the surrounding city.
3. Jagdish Temple:
It is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Vishnu. The temple was built by Maharana Jagat Singh in 1651 and is known for its intricate carvings.
4. Jag Mandir:
It is a palace located on an island in Lake Pichola. The palace was built by Maharana Karan Singh in 1620 and is known for its sandstone carvings and refined architecture.
5. Monsoon Palace:
Also known as Sajjan Garh Palace, it is a hilltop fort located on the outskirts of Udaipur. The palace was built by Maharana Sajjan Singh in 1884 and offers stunning views of the city and its surroundings.
It is a beautiful garden located on the banks of Fateh Sagar Lake. The garden was built by Maharana Sangram Singh in the 18th century and is known for its lush green lawns, marble artworks, and fountains.
4. Bikaner Historical places
1. Junagarh Fort:
Junagarh Fort is a formidable structure in the city of Bikaner, Rajasthan. The fort is one of the most important tourist destinations in the city and was built in the year 1593 by Rai Singh, the sixth ruler of Bikaner. The fort consists of a number of palaces and temples and has a total of 37 bastions, several of which have been built in the last two centuries.
2. Lalgarh Palace:
Lalgarh Palace is a stunning architectural marvel located in the city of Bikaner, Rajasthan. Built–in the late 19th century, the palace was designed by Sir Swinton Jacob, a British architect. The palace is built in the Indo–Saracenic style and is surrounded by lush green gardens. It is considered to be one of the most beautiful palaces in Rajasthan.
3. Bhandasar Jain Temple:
Bhandasar Jain Temple is an important pilgrimage site in the city of Bikaner, Rajasthan. The temple was built in the 15th century and is dedicated to the Jain Tirthankara, Lord Adinath. The temple is known for its intricate architecture and beautiful paintings on the walls.
4. Gajner Palace:
Gajner Palace is a beautiful palace located in the city of Bikaner, Rajasthan. The palace was built in the early 19th century and is surrounded by a beautiful lake. The palace has been converted into a heritage hotel and is a popular tourist destination in Bikaner.
5. Karni Mata Temple:
Karni Mata Temple is a popular temple located in the city of Bikaner, Rajasthan. The temple is dedicated to Karni Mata, a revered Hindu goddess. The temple is known for its unique architecture and is one of the most important pilgrimage sites in the region.
5. Jaisalmer Historical places
1. Jaisalmer Fort:
The Jaisalmer Fort is one of the most popular tourist spots in Rajasthan. It was built in 1156 by the Bhati Rajput ruler, Rawal Jaisal, and is one of the largest forts in the world. The fort is made of yellow sandstone and stands majestically atop a hill, overlooking the city.
2. Patwon ki Haveli:
Patwon ki Haveli is one of the most impressive Havelis in Jaisalmer. It was built in 1805 by Guman Chand Patwa, a wealthy merchant, and is a five-story complex with multiple balconies, courtyards, and intricate carvings on the walls.
3. Salim Singh ki Haveli:
Salim Singh ki Haveli is another popular attraction in Jaisalmer. This 18th-century haveli was built by Salim Singh, the Prime Minister of Jaisalmer, and is notable for its curved roof and ornate balconies.
4. Gadisar Lake
Gadisar Lake, also known as Gadsisar Sagar, is a rainwater lake located in Jaisalmer, Rajasthan, India. It was constructed by Maharawal Garsi Singh in the year 1367 to conserve rainwater and provide a source of drinking water to the people of Jaisalmer.
The lake is now a popular tourist attraction, with many temples and Havelis located around it. The lake has been renovated and restored by the Department of Tourism of Rajasthan. The lake is surrounded by many small temples and shrines, including the Tilon-ki-Pol (Gate of Tilon), Ganesh Temple, and Amba Mata Temple.
One can also find a wide variety of birds like pelicans, ducks, egrets, and cormorants around the lake. The lake provides a great opportunity for bird watching. The lake also has a few boating facilities, and visitors can take a boat ride around the lake. There are also some shops near the lake, which sell souvenirs and other items.
6. Chittorgarh Historical places
Chittorgarh is an important historical city located in the Rajasthan state of India. It was the capital of the Sisodia Rajputs, who ruled over Mewar from 734 AD to 1568 AD. The city is known for its magnificent forts and palaces, which were built by the Sisodia rulers.
Chittorgarh is home to some of the most beautiful forts and palaces in Rajasthan and is the largest fort in India. The most important and well–known historical sites in Chittorgarh include Chittorgarh Fort, Kumbhalgarh Fort, Vijay Stambh, Padmini Palace, Ranakpur Jain Temple, and Rana Kumbha
1. Kumbhalgarh Fort:
This fort was built by Rana Kumbha in the 15th century and is the second-largest fort in India. The fort is surrounded by a massive wall, which extends for 36 kilometers, making it the second longest wall in the world after the Great Wall of China.
2. Vijay Stambh:
This is a nine-story tower, which was built by Rana Kumbha to commemorate his victory over the Muslim rulers of Delhi and Malwa. The tower is 37 meters high and is decorated with beautiful carvings and sculptures.
3. Padmini Palace:
This palace was built by Rana Ratan Singh to welcome the Sultan of Delhi, Alauddin Khilji. The palace is known for its beautiful architecture and also for its historical significance.
4. Ranakpur Jain Temple:
This is one of the most important Jain temples in India and is situated in the foothills of the Aravalli Mountains. The temple is famous for its intricate carvings and sculptures, which depict the life and teachings of Mahavira, the founder of Jainism.
5. Rana Kumbha Palace:
This palace was built by Rana Kumbha and is one of the oldest fortifications in Chittorgarh. The palace is known for its beautiful architecture and is a popular tourist destination.
7. Ajmer Historical places
1. Dargah Sharif:
Dargah Sharif is one of the holiest sites in Ajmer, located at the foot of a small hill and surrounded by a lake. The shrine is dedicated to the Sufi saint Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti, who is believed to have arrived in Ajmer from Persia in 1192. The Dargah Sharif is a combination of two monuments, the Dargah and the Akbari Mosque. It is believed that for anyone who visits the shrine with true devotion and a sincere heart, his/her prayers are answered by the saint.
2. Ana Sagar Lake:
Ana Sagar Lake is a man-made lake built by Anaji Chauhan, the grandfather of Prithviraj Chauhan, in 1135. The lake was constructed to provide water to the city and was the source of water for Ajmer until the early 1900s. The lake is an important tourist attraction and is surrounded by beautiful Mughal gardens, fountains, and pavilions.
3. Adhai-din-ka Jhonpra:
Adhai-din-ka Jhonpra is a stunning mosque in Ajmer, built by Qutb-ud-din Aibak in 1199. The mosque is famous for its unique architecture, which is a combination of Hindu and Islamic architecture. The structure is a seven-storied structure, with a large central hall and two smaller side halls. The mosque is also known for the inscriptions on its walls, which are written in Sanskrit, Arabic, and Persian.
4. Taragarh Fort:
Taragarh Fort is a large fort located in Ajmer, built by King Ajay Pal Chauhan in the 12th century. The fort is also known as the ‘Star Fort’ due to its distinctive shape. The fort has multiple gates and is surrounded by a large lake. The fort is a popular tourist attraction and is known for its spectacular views of the city.
5. Mayo College:
Mayo College is a private boarding school located in Ajmer, established in 1875. The college was founded by the then Viceroy of India, Lord Mayo, as a school to educate the sons of Indian princes. The college is known for its impressive Indo-Saracenic architecture and is a popular tourist destination for its beautiful buildings and grounds.
8. Pushkar Historical places
1. Pushkar Lake:
Pushkar Lake is a holy lake situated in the city of Pushkar in the Ajmer district of Rajasthan. The beautiful lake is surrounded by 52 ghats or bathing steps and more than 500 temples and is considered to be very sacred by the Hindus. According to legend, the lake was created by Lord Brahma and is said to be one of the oldest lakes in India.
2. Brahma Temple:
Dedicated to Lord Brahma, the Brahma Temple is one of the most important places of worship in Pushkar. The temple was built in the 14th century and is the only temple dedicated to Lord Brahma in the entire world. The temple is surrounded by a beautiful garden and is visited by devotees from all over the world.
3. Savitri Temple:
Located on the top of a hill in the city of Pushkar, the Savitri Temple is dedicated to Goddess Savitri, the wife of Lord Brahma. The temple is very popular among the devotees and offers a beautiful view of the entire city.
4. Pushkar Fair:
Pushkar Fair is one of the most important and famous fairs in Rajasthan. Held in the month of November, the fair is celebrated in honor of Lord Brahma and sees thousands of devotees from all over India coming to take part in the festivities.
9. Bundi Historical places
1. Taragarh Fort:
The Taragarh fort is one of the main attractions in Bundi and is known for its majestic architecture. The fort is located around 37 km from the city and boasts beautiful Havelis and palaces which have been built here over the centuries. The fort also offers breathtaking views of the city below.
2. Sukh Mahal:
Sukh Mahal is an impressive structure located in the town of Bundi. It was built in the 19th century and is known for its beautiful frescos, mirror work, and intricate carvings. Sukh Mahal is a great example of Bundi’s rich architecture.
3. Raniji ki Baori:
Raniji ki Baori is a stepwell located in Bundi. The stepwell was constructed by Rani Nathavati, the wife of Rao Raja Ratan Singh. The stepwell is an excellent example of Bundi’s engineering and architecture.
4. Bundi Palace:
The Bundi Palace is a beautiful structure in the city of Bundi. It was built in the 16th century and is known for its intricate carvings and frescos. The palace is an excellent example of Bundi’s traditional architecture.
5. Nawal Sagar:
Nawal Sagar is a lake located in the city of Bundi. It is known for its beautiful location and is a popular tourist attraction. The lake is surrounded by several temples and is an ideal spot for a romantic picnic.
10. Kota Historical places
Kota, the capital of Rajasthan, is home to a number of historically significant sites. The most famous of these is the Kota Fort, which was built by the ruler of Mewar in the 16th century and is now a World Heritage Site. Other important historical sites in Kota include the Raj Mahal Palace and the Jagmandir Palace, both of which were built by the rulers of Kota.
The Maharao Madho Singh Museum is also located in Kota and is a great place to learn about the history of the city. The Chambal Garden is another popular historical site and is the largest garden in Rajasthan. The Rajasthan State Museum is also located in Kota and displays a number of artifacts from the city’s past.
11. Alwar Historical places
Alwar is a city in Rajasthan that is home to many historical monuments and places. Some of the most notable places include:
1. Bala Quila:
Bala Quila is a 16th-century fort situated on a hilltop in the city of Alwar. It was built by the Rajputs and is a popular tourist destination.
2. Sariska National Park:
Sariska National Park is a Tiger Reserve situated in the Aravalli hills of the Alwar district. It is home to many species of animals, including tigers, leopards, sloth bears, hyenas, and many more.
3. City Palace:
City Palace is a 19th-century palace built by Jai Singh II, the Maharaja of Alwar. It is a popular tourist attraction and houses a museum that showcases the history of Alwar.
4. Siliserh Lake:
Siliserh Lake is situated in the Aravalli hills of Alwar and is a popular tourist spot. It is a popular picnic spot and a great place to relax and unwind.
5. Alwar Museum:
Alwar Museum is a museum that showcases the history and culture of the city of Alwar. It houses many artifacts and sculptures, which makes it a must-visit tourist destination.
12. Bharatpur Historical places
1. Lohagarh Fort:
The Lohagarh Fort is located in Bharatpur and is one of the most significant forts of Rajasthan. It was built by the Jat rulers of Bharatpur in the 18th century and was considered impregnable. The fort is surrounded by a thick wall and has three gates, the Ashtdhaatu, the Chowburja, and the Hathi Pol. The fort houses several royal palaces and temples.
2. Government Museum:
The Government Museum in Bharatpur is located within the Lohagarh Fort and houses a rich collection of artifacts and sculptures from the Jat era. It also displays several weapons, coins, and inscriptions from the Jat era.
3. Bharatpur Palace:
The Bharatpur Palace was built in the 18th century by Maharaja Suraj Mal and is a grand example of Rajputana and Mughal architecture. The palace is a fine blend of Mughal and Rajput styles of architecture with beautiful marble carvings and intricate frescoes.
4. Keoladeo National Park:
The Keoladeo National Park is situated in the Bharatpur district of Rajasthan. The park is a major breeding ground for water birds and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The park provides a natural habitat to more than 230 species of birds, including the rare Siberian crane.
5. Ganga Mandir:
The Ganga Mandir is located in the center of the city and is a popular tourist destination. This temple was built by Maharaja Suraj Mal and is dedicated to Lord Vishnu and his consort, Goddess Ganga. The temple is adorned with intricate carvings and sculptures of Hindu gods and goddesses.
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