Located on the banks of Yamuna in Agra, the Taj Mahal is a monumental poetry of infinite love. This 17th-century monument was created for Mumtaz Mahal by her spouse and Emperor Shah Jahan.
Considered among the most attractive buildings globally, the Taj expertly portrays the rise of Mughal architecture and beauty. Such is its charm that it has been known as one of the Seven Wonders of the present time.
Now, do you require any more reasons to add the Taj Mahal tour to your list? We guess not! So, here’s all you should know about this love mausoleum, including its history, architecture, entrance fee, timings, nearby draws, and lesser-known facts.
Taj Mahal: History
The Taj Mahal, the most impressive monument the earth has ever witnessed, was made by Shah Jahan, the Mughal Emperor, for his beloved spouse, Mumtaz Mahal. The mausoleum’s construction began in 1632, about a year after Mumtaz expired.
Though the principal monument was built in 1643, it still needed around 10 years to complete the entire complex. Unluckily, Shah Jahan was thrown from power and jailed by his son Aurangzeb in 1658.
The emperor spent his last days imprisoned in the nearby Agra Fort, from where he saw his fabulous work. When he expired in 1666, he was buried within the Taj Mahal, near his cherished wife.
When the Jat kings of Bharatpur attacked Agra during the 18th century, they invaded the building and raided it. During the Revolution of 1857, this monument experienced damage from the British officials and soldiers, who eliminated the valuable stones from its walls.
The Taj Mahal went through heavy renovation works following the order of Lord Curzon, the former Viceroy of the country, at the start of the 20th century. After freedom, the masterpiece came under the control of the Indian Government.
Taj Mahal Architecture
The Taj Mahal combines Indian, Islamic, and Persian architectural styles, a globally admired art masterpiece. The building comprises 42 acres, surrounded by crenelated walls and the river.
It was built using white Makrana marble obtained from Rajasthan. Many valuable gemstones were also utilized to magnify the value of the building.
Inside the chief hall of the monument, you can witness the false sarcophagi of Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan. The actual tombs are found inside a secured chamber at a deeper level.
It took over 22000 skillful artisans, stonecutters, painters, laborers, and a massive amount of 32 million rupees to construct the monument. Additionally, the Taj complex houses a museum, a guest house, a mosque, and beautiful gardens.
Taj Mahal Garden, Agra
The Taj is enclosed by a sprawling 980 square feet Charbagh or Mughal garden. A raised marble water tank located between the tomb and the main gate adds to the charm of the whole site.
The Taj Gardens were initially created in the renowned Persian gardens. However, when the colonial leaders got hold of the Taj, they transformed the garden’s view and made it seem like the parks in London.
Taj Mahal Museum
The small but vital Taj Museum lies inside the Taj Mahal complex, home to various original miniature arts from the Mughal period. The site also houses multiple Caledon plates, known to break into pieces or change color if toxic food is offered on them.
- Museum Timings: 10 am to 5 pm
- Museum Entry Fee: Free
Taj Mahal: Today
Presently, no tour to Agra is considered perfect without a trip to the Taj Mahal. Each year, the monument draws about 7 to 8 million tourists who come to appreciate this charming work of art and wonder at its majesty.
The mausoleum was elected by the World initiative (2000-2007) as one of the New Seven Wonders.
Things to Witness in the Taj Mahal
Taj Mahal complex contains various impressive attractions and structures, including:
- A red sandstone mosque located on the west of the monument
- Assembly hall or Mehmaan Khana situated on the east of the memorial, similar to the mosque
- Bazaar streets that begin from the east and west gates
- Jilau Khana or forecourt zone
- The Taj Museum
- The Great Gate, Darwaza-i-Rauza, or Gate of the Mausoleum
- West Gate (Fatehpuri Darwaza), South Gate (Sidhi Darwaza), and East Gate (Fatehabadi Darwaza)
Attractions near Taj Mahal
- Jahangir’s Palace (3.1 km)
- Agra Fort (3.1 km)
- Jama Masjid (4.1 km)
- Tomb of Itmad-Ud-Daulah (6.7 km)
- Mankameshwar Temple (4.5 km)
- Mehtab Bagh (7.8 km)
- Chini-ka-Rauza (7.2 km)
The Taj Mahal is an endless love story admired in marble. If you’re making a trip to the Taj, why not get on an India Golden Triangle tour and travel to the other nearby heritage places as well? We are sure you will enjoy your journey.
How to Reach Agra?
Reach Agra by flight
Agra is well-linked with all the main cities in the country like Delhi, Bengaluru, Lucknow, Mumbai, Chennai, Kolkata, and Cochin.
There is no global airport in Agra, so visitors touring this city from abroad should head to major cities like Delhi or Mumbai and get a flight from there.
Nearest Airport: Agra Airport (AGR)
Reach Agra by road
Agra is located on the famous Golden Triangle Tourist Circuit. It is linked to Delhi by NH2. The Taj Expressway, among the most excellent roads in India, connects Agra to Delhi. The Taj expressway is a great way to reach Agra for a taj mahal tour from Delhi.
Several national highways connect Agra to other parts of the country. Some of the major bus operators are also available.
Reach Agra by train
The Taj Mahal tour by train is probably the best to experience. There are four main railway stations in the city, the most popular being Agra cantt and Agra fort. These stations are greatly connected to multiple major cities.
Shatabdi and Taj Express are two of the express trains on this track, establishing a vast connection with Delhi, and they possess an excellent schedule for touring Agra.